What is a root canal?
Root canal treatment is a common procedure performed when there is an
infection within the tooth. This treatment is used to remove the infected pulp orinner portion of the tooth. The pulp consists of nerves and blood vessels that provide the tooth with life. Due to decay or trauma, the pulp may become infected resulting in pain. By removing the inner infection, the tooth may besaved and kept indefinitely providing the tissues surrounding the tooth (bone and gums) remain healthy.
How is a root canal performed?
During root canal treatment, the pulp (inner portion) of the tooth is removed. The entire tooth remains intact—roots are not removed. The area containing the pulp (the canal) is cleaned and filled with a non-metalic type of filling material.
What happens after treatment?
After root canal treatment, the tooth is typically treated with a crown. Because the pulp is removed, the tooth is no longer alive and can become brittle and more susceptible to breaking. A crown will protect the tooth and reduce or eliminate the risk of breaking.